In this lesson, you will learn how to pronounce Sajem Tan. Luckily, each Sajem Tan letter corresponds to one sound, and vice versa. After learning this preliminary lesson, you will be able to pronounce any word in this lesson.
Where the Latin alphabet is concerned, Sajem Tan has two orthographies, or spelling systems: the Old Orthography, and the Reformed Orthography. This course uses the Reformed Orthography. However, speakers of Sajem Tan are far more likely to use the Old Orthography, as it is easier to type. After the chart that follows, you will see tips on how to convert from the Reformed Orthography to the Old Orthography and vice versa very quickly. For more information on the orthographies of Sajem Tan, visit this link.
The Old Orthography
Above, I stated that this section would teach you how to convert between orthographies. It occurs to me now that you might read that as promising an electronical method of taking Old text and switching it into Reformed, and vice versa. If you want to do that, go here.
However, this section will help you convert them in your mind, so as to make reading easier if you only know the one and not the other. The difference between the two is that the Reformed Orthography uses diacritics where the Old Orthography uses digraphs. Digraphs are generally considered one letter (confer Spanish "ll" and "rr" and Welsh "dd" and "ll"). So in this section we will be focusing on digraphs and diacritics.
Reformed → Old
- A circumflex (ˆ) or a háček (ˇ) becomes "h" in Old Orthography: â → ah, ê → eh, û → uh, š → sh, ž → zh.
- A diaeresis (¨) becomes "l" in Old Orthography: ë → el, ö → ol, ü → ul.
- The letters "l" and "r" become "sl" and "zl", respectively.
Old → Reformed
- After a vowel, the letter "h" becomes a circumflex (ˆ) over the vowel: ah → â, eh → ê, uh → û.
- After a consonant, the letter "h" becomes a háček (ˇ) over the consonant: sh → š, zh → ž.
- After a vowel, the letter "l" becomes a diaeresis (¨): el → ë, ol → ö, ul → ü.
- The digraphs "sl" and "zl" become "l" and "r", respectively.